COVID-19 the impact on global freight strategies

By Matt East
Matt East, Senior Advisor, Logistics & Infrastructure Policy, UK, Europe & Middle East, GHD, discusses the impact of COVID-19 on global freight...

Matt East, Senior Advisor, Logistics & Infrastructure Policy, UK, Europe & Middle East, GHD, discusses the impact of COVID-19 on global freight strategies.

COVID-19 has generated unprecedented disruption in the global logistics and freight industries, severely impacting operations and delivery activities. However, could these current challenges ultimately pave the way for a more streamlined, efficient and environmentally-friendly future?

Demand for essential goods, such as produce, medical supplies and Personal Protective Equipment, has significantly increased, while manufacturing capacity has decreased due to various lockdown restrictions. In the short term, hauliers, international gateways and retailers are facing a climate of uncertainty, as we experience:

·       disruption to points of supply and quantities of freight available

·       disruption to freight handling across international borders

·       reduced number of vessels, vehicles and personnel available across the supply chain, affecting routes taken

·       changing demand patterns as consumer and business needs change

·       population re-locations from urban to rural areas.

In the UK, for example, this has resulted in a 30% reduction of freight movements across all modes, including maritime, rail and HGV. As we move into the recovery phase following COVID-19, we need to understand if these changes to the supply chain configuration will be temporary, or if the way in which we operate and plan the logistics network will be transformed from this point on.

Beyond economic stimulation, the need for a more resilient supply chain to mitigate potential disruptions from future similar events could see producers and distributors looking to local manufacturers rather than international suppliers. These manufacturers would ideally be located near to where the key supplies are required.

The current situation provides an opportunity to consider strategic locations where local manufacturing and production hubs could be key in providing this resilience while acting as an economic booster to those regions.

The reconfiguration of the supply chain and modal shift is an idea that has been mooted previously, with the intention that these modifications would help us achieve particular industry goals, such as the net zero targets. In 2017, the UK Government issued the Freight Carbon Review, which identified options for making more effective use of current capacity on the rail, water and road networks. The report notes that a significant reduction of Greenhouse Gas emissions could be achieved through increased use of rail freight, deployment of longer semi-trailers and improved logistical efficiency by means of more widespread industry collaboration.

The report also recognised the constraints around network capacity due to passenger demand, however, it is anticipated that more people will elect to work from home following COVID-19, resulting in an estimated 20% reduction in passenger train movements on the rail network. If similar impacts are experienced across the overall transport network, additional capacity for freight paths may become available, where it previously did not exist.

Therefore, the pandemic may have just provided the industry with a window of opportunity to accelerate modal shift while configuring the network to provide more efficient distribution.

The industry can proactively plan to respond to these changes and grasp this opportunity by collaboratively developing a holistic strategy for the movement of freight across and within countries.

This strategy would:

A clearly defined strategy will provide confidence around resilience for current and future disruptions by addressing existing and potential policy and regulation amendments. This in turn will inform decisions to optimise the supply chain to achieve cost efficiencies (supply to demand ratio) and reduce the environmental footprint.


For more information on business topics in the Middle East, please take a look at the latest edition of Business Chief EMEA.

Follow Business Chief on LinkedIn and Twitter.


Featured Articles

Abu Dhabi Airports prepares for Terminal A opening

A decade in the making, Abu Dhabi International Airport welcomes 6,000 volunteers to test operational readiness of stunning new Terminal A building

Business Chief expands portfolio with new look and coverage

Business Chief Middle East & Africa launches with fresh new look and extended coverage of the region, with exclusive executive interviews and insights

How Octopus Energy grew to become an industry giant

Octopus Energy continues to grow after a deal was agreed to acquire Shell Energy in the UK and Germany, taking its customer base to almost seven million

Perkbox CEO: How to support employees through tough times

Human Capital

How Middle East is embracing the future of digital finance

Corporate Finance

UAE Lulu Group shifts business for global growth and IPO

Corporate Finance