May 19, 2020

Five African elections to look out for in 2017

Liberia
kenya
Rwanda
Angola
Polycarp Kazaresam
2 min
Five African elections to look out for in 2017

Which African countries are holding elections in 2017? African Business Review picks out five elections to watch across the continent in the year ahead.

1. Kenya - August 2017

This East African country has a fraught electoral history. Will this years election follow tradition? Already, a series of opposition-led protests against the country’s electoral commission has led to the deaths of several people in clashes with security forces. 

Newsweek predict that the main candidates are likely to be the same as in 2013: incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta and veteran challenger Raila Odinga.

2. Rwanda - August 2017

Also in August, Rwanda's President Kagame  will be seeking a third, seven-year term since winning the country’s second election in 2010. Kagame is also credited with transforming the landlocked nation’s economic development, boosting youth employment and trade, reducing poverty and advocating for technology as a tool for prosperity.

However, many accuse Kagame’s regime of clamping down on free speech and supressing opposition. An opposition activist and journalist both disappeared in 2016, while two opposition politicians have been arrested, according to Human Rights Watch.

3. Angola - August 2017

Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos is retiring this year after 37 years in power. Angola is dominantly a one-party state, ruled by the dos Santoses, who have amassed wealth and power over the last four decades.

Angola’s electoral system means that the leader of the party with the most parliamentary seats automatically becomes the head of state. The People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola holds 175 of the National Assembly’s 220 seats, meaning that Lourenco is likely to be confirmed as president in the 2017 vote.

The  PMLA has elected João Lourenco, a former defense minister, as vice president ahead of the next parliamentary elections. 

4. Democratic Republic of Congo - TBD 2017

Congo was due to hold presidential and parliamentary polls in November. However, President Joseph Kabila claimed that more than 10 million voters are unregistered. This means that the vote will be delayed until 2018 at the earliest. 

If everything goes smoothly, a transitional government will be appointed by March, and the elections will take place before the end of the year. This would be the first peaceful transfer of power since independence in 1960. 

5. Liberia - October 2017

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberia’s current president and first elected female head of state in Africa, is stepping down at the end of her second term. 

Several hopefuls have expressed interest in replacing Sirleaf. George Weah, regarded as one of Africa’s greatest ever footballers, has announced he will run. Weah could face is Jewel Howard Taylor, a senator and the former wife of Charles Taylor, Liberian warlord convicted of war crimes in Sierra Leone in a U.N.-backed court.

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Jun 11, 2021

G7 Summit guide: What it is and what leaders hope to achieve

G7
Sustainability
G7Summit
EU
3 min
Business Chief delves into what the G7 is and represents and what its 2021 summit hopes to achieve, in terms of sustainability and global trade

Unless you’ve had your head buried in the sand, you’ll have seen the term ‘G7’ plastered all over the Internet this week. We’re going to give you the skinny on exactly what the G7 is and what its purpose on this planet is ─ and whether it’s a good or a bad collaboration. 

 

Who are the G7?

The Group of Seven, or ‘G7’, may sound like a collective of pirate lords from a certain Disney smash-hit, but in reality, it’s a group of the world’s seven largest “advanced” economies ─ the powerhouses of the world, if you like. 

The merry band comprises:

  • Canada
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • The United Kingdom
  • The United States

Historically, Russia was a member of the then-called ‘G8’ but found itself excluded after their ever-so-slightly illegal takeover of Crimea back in 2014.

 

Since 1977, the European Union has also been involved in some capacity with the G7 Summit. The Union is not recognised as an official member, but gradually, as with all Europe-linked affairs, the Union has integrated itself into the conversation and is now included in all political discussions on the annual summit agenda. 

 

When was the ‘G’ formed?

Back in 1975, when the world was reeling from its very first oil shock and the subsequent financial fallout that came with it, the heads of state and government from six of the leading industrial countries had a face-to-face meeting at the Chateau de Rambouillet to discuss the global economy, its trajectory, and what they could do to address the economic turmoil that reared its ugly head throughout the 70s. 

 

Why does the G7 exist?

At this very first summit ─ the ‘G6’ summit ─, the leaders adopted a 15-point communiqué, the Declaration of Rambouillet, and agreed to continuously meet once a year moving forward to address the problems of the day, with a rotating Presidency. One year later, Canada was welcomed into the fold, and the ‘G6’ became seven and has remained so ever since ─ Russia’s inclusion and exclusion not counted. 

 

The group, as previously mentioned, was born in the looming shadow of a financial crisis, but its purpose is more significant than just economics. When leaders from the group meet, they discuss and exchange ideas on a broad range of issues, including injustice around the world, geopolitical matters, security, and sustainability. 

 

It’s worth noting that, while the G7 may be made up of mighty nations, the bloc is an informal one. So, although it is considered an important annual event, declarations made during the summit are not legally binding. That said, they are still very influential and worth taking note of because it indicates the ambitions and outlines the initiatives of these particularly prominent leading nations. 

 

Where is the 2021 G7 summit?

This year, the summit will be held in the United Kingdom deep in the southwest of England, with Prime Minister Boris Johnson hosting his contemporaries in the quaint Cornish resort of Carbis Bay near St Ives in Cornwall. 
 

What will be discussed this year? 

After almost two years of remote communication, this will be the first in-person G7 summit since the novel Coronavirus first took hold of the globe, and Britain wants “leaders to seize the opportunity to build back better from coronavirus, uniting to make the future fairer, greener, and more prosperous.”

 

The three-day summit, running from Friday to Sunday, will see the seven leaders discussing a whole host of shared challenges, ranging from the pandemic and vaccine development and distribution to the ongoing global fight against climate change through the implementation of sustainable norms and values. 

 

According to the UK government, the attendees will also be taking a look at “ensuring that people everywhere can benefit from open trade, technological change, and scientific discovery.” 

 

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