May 19, 2020

Mauritius ranked as Africa’s most competitive economy

South Africa
Mauritius
Global Competitiveness Report
Seychelles
professo
2 min
Mauritius ranked as Africa’s most competitive economy

The World Economic Forum has released its 2018 Global Competitiveness Report, ranking Mauritius in 49th position.

Mauritius is the highest placing African nation in the list of 140 countries, despite having dropped four positions from the previous year’s report.

South Africa is the second country from the cotinent on the list, ranking 67th – down from placing 61st the previous year.

Seychelles is the third most competitive economy in Africa, climbing 33 ranks to sit at number 74.

Morocco immediately follows, no longer holding third place, at number 75. In 90th position is Botswana.

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Algeria, Kenya, and Egypt descend from position 92 to 94, respectively, with Algeria and Kenya falling places but Egypt climbing up from 100.

Namibia has replaced Egypt, coming in at 100th position – making it the ninth most competitive nation in Africa.

Ghana is Africa’s tenth most competitive country at 106th place, followed by Rwanda and Cape Verde, which respectively rank 108th and 111th.

African nations then cover positions from 114th to 125th, with Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, The Gambia, eSwatini, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Guinea respectively holding the ranks.

Zimbabwe is then placed at 128th position, followed by Malawi at 129th, Lesotho at 130th, Mauritania at 131st, Liberia at 132nd, Mozambique at 133rd, Sierra Leone at 134th, DRC at 135th, Burundi at 136th, Angola at 13th, and Chad at 140th.

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Jun 11, 2021

G7 Summit guide: What it is and what leaders hope to achieve

G7
Sustainability
G7Summit
EU
3 min
Business Chief delves into what the G7 is and represents and what its 2021 summit hopes to achieve, in terms of sustainability and global trade

Unless you’ve had your head buried in the sand, you’ll have seen the term ‘G7’ plastered all over the Internet this week. We’re going to give you the skinny on exactly what the G7 is and what its purpose on this planet is ─ and whether it’s a good or a bad collaboration. 

 

Who are the G7?

The Group of Seven, or ‘G7’, may sound like a collective of pirate lords from a certain Disney smash-hit, but in reality, it’s a group of the world’s seven largest “advanced” economies ─ the powerhouses of the world, if you like. 

The merry band comprises:

  • Canada
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • The United Kingdom
  • The United States

Historically, Russia was a member of the then-called ‘G8’ but found itself excluded after their ever-so-slightly illegal takeover of Crimea back in 2014.

 

Since 1977, the European Union has also been involved in some capacity with the G7 Summit. The Union is not recognised as an official member, but gradually, as with all Europe-linked affairs, the Union has integrated itself into the conversation and is now included in all political discussions on the annual summit agenda. 

 

When was the ‘G’ formed?

Back in 1975, when the world was reeling from its very first oil shock and the subsequent financial fallout that came with it, the heads of state and government from six of the leading industrial countries had a face-to-face meeting at the Chateau de Rambouillet to discuss the global economy, its trajectory, and what they could do to address the economic turmoil that reared its ugly head throughout the 70s. 

 

Why does the G7 exist?

At this very first summit ─ the ‘G6’ summit ─, the leaders adopted a 15-point communiqué, the Declaration of Rambouillet, and agreed to continuously meet once a year moving forward to address the problems of the day, with a rotating Presidency. One year later, Canada was welcomed into the fold, and the ‘G6’ became seven and has remained so ever since ─ Russia’s inclusion and exclusion not counted. 

 

The group, as previously mentioned, was born in the looming shadow of a financial crisis, but its purpose is more significant than just economics. When leaders from the group meet, they discuss and exchange ideas on a broad range of issues, including injustice around the world, geopolitical matters, security, and sustainability. 

 

It’s worth noting that, while the G7 may be made up of mighty nations, the bloc is an informal one. So, although it is considered an important annual event, declarations made during the summit are not legally binding. That said, they are still very influential and worth taking note of because it indicates the ambitions and outlines the initiatives of these particularly prominent leading nations. 

 

Where is the 2021 G7 summit?

This year, the summit will be held in the United Kingdom deep in the southwest of England, with Prime Minister Boris Johnson hosting his contemporaries in the quaint Cornish resort of Carbis Bay near St Ives in Cornwall. 
 

What will be discussed this year? 

After almost two years of remote communication, this will be the first in-person G7 summit since the novel Coronavirus first took hold of the globe, and Britain wants “leaders to seize the opportunity to build back better from coronavirus, uniting to make the future fairer, greener, and more prosperous.”

 

The three-day summit, running from Friday to Sunday, will see the seven leaders discussing a whole host of shared challenges, ranging from the pandemic and vaccine development and distribution to the ongoing global fight against climate change through the implementation of sustainable norms and values. 

 

According to the UK government, the attendees will also be taking a look at “ensuring that people everywhere can benefit from open trade, technological change, and scientific discovery.” 

 

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